Could Cyber-conflict be Avoided? Exploring Deterrence in Low and High Stakes Information Security Interactions


This study explores deterrence, using bargaining games, in information security interactions under two scenarios: first, considering low stakes (corporate and intermediary) information security disclosure platforms; and second, considering a direct high stakes interaction between heavyweight actors. Low stakes results indicate that conflict may be avoided and deterrence advanced by engaging in trade, albeit under exacting circumstances. Now, when stakes are high, and heavyweight actors are involved, derivations and simulations showcase how it is even more difficult to avoid conflict and advance deterrence. We also illustrate using real world scenarios and explain the relevance of Black-Market Brokers.

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