Information and communication technology (ICT) has become, within a very short time, one of the basic building blocks of modern society. Many countries consider understanding skills and concepts of ICT and mastering it as essential element of education process, alongside reading and writing. Within the past decade, the new ICT tools have fundamentally produced significant transformations in industry, agriculture, medicine, business, engineering and other fields. They also have the potential to transform the nature of education-where and how learning takes place and the roles of students and teachers in the learning process. This conceptual paper will highlight the importance and the role of ICT in Higher education in context of underdeveloped countries taking example of Sudan. The paper will further investigate the barriers to the growth of ICT in underdeveloped countries in general and Sudan in particular.