In one of the recent additions to the IS identity and diversity discussion, Alter questions the definition and relevance of "IT artifact" as defined by Benbasat and Zmud. In terms of definition, we believe that there is no substantial difference between Alter's work system construct and IT artifact. However, when it comes to enhancing the relevance of and guiding the diversity in IT research, Alter's boundary based approach may be less powerful than a core, IT-artifact based approach. Alter's focus on systems, nonetheless, has it merits and therefore we suggest a possible convergence of Alter and Benbasat and Zmud's constructs.
Saunders, C., & Wu, Y. (2003). The IS Core - VI: Further Along the Road to the IT Artifact. Communications of the Association for Information Systems, 12, pp-pp. https://doi.org/10.17705/1CAIS.01236