Despite the widespread popularity of using virtual worlds for education, only a few studies have compared learning outcomes in virtual worlds versus other, less resourceintensive media. A withinsubjects study examined cognitive and affective learning outcomes when using a virtual world and voiceover slide presentations to learn about the Forbidden City in China. Results show that learners consistently reported higher perceived learning and satisfaction with learning in the virtual world than when using voiceover presentations, even when scores on tests of declarative knowledge were lower when learning in the virtual world if the virtual world was used first. An interaction effect between learning method and learning method order indicates that simply using a virtual world is not sufficient to improve cognitive learning outcomes.
Jestice, Rebecca J. and Kahai, Surinder, "The Effectiveness of Virtual Worlds for Education: An Empirical Study" (2010). AMCIS 2010 Proceedings. 512.