Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) is an emerging technology increasingly considered by organizations worldwide to coordinate their supply chain in real time. In order to explore the potential business case for RFID we examine a pilot implementation of RFID at one of the biggest Aerospace and Defense manufacturers. Case study methodology was followed to collect data from interviews, questionnaires, and archival sources. The result of the pilot study supports the business case for RFID adoption and provides a better understanding of the challenges at the RFID implementation stage. The contextual details of the pilot study provide lessons learned that can help other firms to better plan their journey of RFID implementation.