In 1998, there were over 600,000 unfilled jobs in information systems (IT AA, 1998). Companies report going to extreme measures to recruit and retain qualified personnel. Even with eased immigration policies and increased spending on computing in education, the shortage continues (Engler, 1998). It is clear that, in order to fill these vacancies, companies will need to consider individuals without computing backgrounds.
Riemenschneider, Cynthia and Renwick, Janet, "Research Proposal: Assessing the Link Between IS Personnel and Training in Music" (1999). AMCIS 1999 Proceedings. 38.