In this study, a survey of the published literature and documents available from the government sources on telecommunications policy was conducted to identify the important landmarks in the development of the telecommunications policies of the selected countries. A detailed analysis of the important decisions made by the governments and regulatory agencies in these countries was undertaken to isolate the emerging guiding principles of these policies. Representative countries are selected from Asia, Europe, North America and Latin America, based on the importance of the telecommunications sector in the economies of these countries and the importance of the national telecommunications sectors of these countries to the global economy.