This study examines information technology architecture by replicating a North American survey in Taiwan, India and England and evaluates the impact of each nation's economic status on information technology architecture used by that nation's businesses. The results suggest that the original taxonomy of information technology architecture (centralized, decentralized, cooperative centralized, and cooperative distributed) is valid and unaffected by national economic status.
Fiedler, Kirk; Grover, Varun; and Teng, James, "An International Empirical Examination of Technology Architecture in the United States" (1999). AMCIS 1999 Proceedings. 105.