Three models of virtual organizations are (1) telecommuting companies, (2) companies that outsource all non-core competencies, and (3) completely virtual companies. Information technology plays a critical role in supporting all of these models. This paper provides valuable insights in the use of information technology to support the human resource management needs in these types of organizations
Liegle, Jens O. and Bodnovich, Thomas A., "Information Technology in Virtual Organizations: A Needs Assessment from the Perspective of Human Resource Management" (1997). AMCIS 1997 Proceedings. 162.