E-mail continues to gain popularity as a medium for business communication. Despite considerable attention recently in the popular press, attitudes and behaviors toward e-mail privacy remain adamantly inconsistent with current organizational policies and legal positions (Behar, 1997). In the U.S., employers have the legal right to read messages sent or received by their employees over company equipment. Employees, however, feel that e-mail should be private. An experiment is conducted to further explore user attitudes toward e-mail privacy and conditions under which organizations should be allowed to monitor employee e-mail