This paper provides a framework for understanding the different types of interorganizational information sytsems and the risks that they pose. We suggest that the increased functionality and accessibility of information systems may require a new "trust" intermediary whose major role is to minimize competitiverisk, which is expected to be the major dimension of risk in future interorganizational information systems.
Sherer, Susan A., "Risk in Interorganizational Information Systems" (1995). AMCIS 1995 Proceedings. 143.