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Abstract

Traditionally, information systems (IS) usage models have examined user behavior within a cognitive framework, that is, these models suggest that a user’s cognition influences his/her IS usage behavior. Research over the past three decades has shown that mood, one’s global feeling state at a given time, can significantly impact a person’s cognitive processes. Mood effects on cognition are particularly relevant to organizational settings. Because moods are pervasive, they provide a stable context for cognitive processes that influence behavior at work; therefore, the inclusion of mood in individual IS usage models that support organizational tasks is both relevant and necessary. Because positive mood can enhance performance under certain circumstances, mood management is also relevant to IS usage models. Thus, we highlight how moods can be managed via IS and propose a model that takes into account users’ moods at the time they work with a system. This model provides an extended framework for incorporating relevant mood literature into current IS usage behavioral models. With this model, researchers can examine certain aspects of the model (such as how IS design can influence user feeling states or how users’ moods can impact their behavior), or conduct more comprehensive research using the entire model. This model can contribute to theory by providing a more complete picture of user behavior, and contribute to practice by helping mangers plan for desired outcomes.

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