Systèmes d'Information et Management


Normalization attempts in Open and Distance Learning are only understandable in reference to the three theoretical views of learning: Learning is a transmission, an exchange and a construction process. Then we introduce at the technical level the content approach (LOM), the activity approach (IMS-LD) and the tools interfaces approach (CSCL), and they prove the need of an intermediate didactical level for pedagogical models specification.