Although practitioners have begun to implement Green IT into their companies, the governance of sustainable information systems varies significantly. Only little has been done to explain these differences in Green IT governance. Building upon contingency theory and IT governance, we develop a contingency model for Green IT governance which demonstrates the fit between contingencies and the company-specific configuration of Green IT. In the first step, three archetypes of Green IT governance reaching from centralized over federal to decentralized are presented. In the second step, we identify from literature eight contingency factors determining the ideal type of Green IT governance. The contingency model is validated by a questionnaire using factor and regression analysis With the enhanced understanding of how Green IT governance is shaped by contingency factors, organizations are able to select the most successful Green IT governance form.
Opitz, Nicky; Krüp, Henning; and Kolbe, Lutz Maria, "HOW TO GOVERN YOUR GREEN IT? - VALIDATING A CONTINGENCY THEORY BASED GOVERNANCE MODEL" (2014). PACIS 2014 Proceedings. 333.