This study investigates the impact of foreign direct investment (FDI) inflow and trade openness on the expansion of information and communication technologies (ICTs) for the period of 1996 to 2005, in the Asia-Pacific and Middle East regions. Asia-Pacific countries cited in this study are: China (mainland & Hong Kong), Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand and Vietnam. The Middle Eastern countries cited include: Bahrain, Iran, Jordan, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Syria and the United Arab Emirates (UAE). The results of regression analyses conducted indicate that while dissimilarities exist among the countries included in this study in terms of their level of socio-economic and political development, factors such as trade openness, education and the growth of GDP had a positive impact on their ICT development. While FDI inflow had positive impact on the expansion of ICTs on Asia-Pacific countries its impact on Middle Eastern countries was not statistically significant. The study results also show that governmental intervention in economic activities has a negative impact on ICT expansion in both regions. In the Middle East, regional conflict imposes additional negative impact on FDI inflow and trade openness and consequently, ICT expansion. The regression results show that those countries that implemented liberalization of their ICT sector were able to not only reduce the digital divide with other developed countries, but also increase their operations in both local and global markets.
Shirazi, Fraid, "THE IMPACT OF FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENT AND TRADE OPENNESS ON ICT EXPANSION" (2008). PACIS 2008 Proceedings. 148.