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Abstract

This article explains challenges that arise when humanitarian organizations want to coordinate their development activities by means of distributed information systems. It focuses on information exchange based on the eXtensible Markup Language (XML) and relational databases. This piece discusses how to save hierarchical XML documents in relational databases. It introduces conversion rules to derive a relational database model from XML schemas. The rules are applied for the design of a database for the management of humanitarian development projects. The underlying schema for the database is the International Development Markup Language (IDML). This exchange standard for development-related activities is described. The article gives details on how a traditional relational database can import or export XML documents, i.e. how it can be XML-enabled.

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