Empirical studies show that emotions mediate the impact of perceived service quality on customer satisfaction. In this paper, we explore how the mediating effect of emotions differs between web and telephone encounters. In addition, we explore if this mediating effect differs across three service industries that rely heavily on telephone and web customer care: telecommunications, energy and banking. We use SEM to analyze a large-scale consumer survey (N = 2872) in telecommunication, energy and banking sectors. Emotions partially mediate the effect on customer satisfaction, both for telephone-based (25% mediation) and web-based service encounters (21%). When distinguishing positive and negative emotions, the mediating effect of negative emotions is much stronger. While mediation takes place in all three sectors, negative emotions in phone-based service encounters are more important in telecommunications, while negative emotions in web-based encounters are more important in banking industry. We advise firms to use explicit emotion evoking strategies for positive service experiences and emotion reducing strategies for negative ones.
P.A. Simons, Luuk; de Reuver, Mark; J. Langley, David; Attema-van Waas, , Roelien; C. Hoeve, Maarten; Hulsbergen, Femke; and de Koning, Nicole, "Web vs Phone based Service Experiences: Effects of Emotions on Customer Satisfaction Across Sectors" (2011). BLED 2011 Proceedings. 52.