The paper reports results from a European Union (EU) project dedicated to Virtual Organization (VO) research. It aims to consolidate VO reference models and related modeling methodologies based on experiences acquired in thirty relevant EU funded research projects. The research reveals the complex reality of deployment and adoption of VO practices and identifies a number of organizational, legal, economic, socio-cultural, and technical challenges faced by VOs, presented in the form of open questions for the research community.
Abuelmaatti, Aisha and Rezgui, Yacine, "Virtual Organizations in Practice: A European Perspective" (2008). AMCIS 2008 Proceedings. 142.