Pay-TV piracy in Europe is affecting the legal providers of Pay-TV services. This paper describes the main players in the European Pay-TV market, the Conditional Access Systems (CAS) used in the European Union (EU 15), the European Pay- TV piracy market, and the most important technologies used. The paper then discusses the effects of Pay-TV piracy on the CAS providers and Pay-TV service providers followed by some conclusions and an outlook.
Loebbecke, Claudia and Fischer, Matthias, "Business Opportunities and Risks from Pay-TV Piracy: The Case of Europe" (2005). AMCIS 2005 Proceedings. Paper 360.