This paper represents the further development of ideas presented at the AIS Conference in Arizona in August 1996. At that conference an Information Technology and Systems (IT & S) paradigmatic framework was outlined which presented the idea that the IT & S research area could be expressed through a model of tool creation and use. This paper further refines this framework and highlights the implications of such an approach to IT & S in the area of international technology transfer (ITT).
Bunker, Deborah, "Information Technology and Systems (IT and S) as Tools: Cultural Bias and the Implications for International Technology Transfer (ITT)?" (1998). AMCIS 1998 Proceedings. 275.