The term “network” is commonly used in information systems research as a metaphor referring to relationships between people, organizational context and information technology. This paper reviews the contributions to information systems research from the perspectives of Social Network Analysis – where the network metaphor relates to structure, and Actor-Network Theory – where the network metaphor relates to process. Methodological implications of using each approach are identified and suggestions are made for integrating the two perspectives.
Letch, Nick, "Network as Structure and Process in Information Systems Research: Contributions from Two Perspectives" (2003). ACIS 2003 Proceedings. Paper 40.